Amal Clooney

Year of Call

2010
Amal Clooney
Profile

Amal Clooney is a barrister who specialises in public international law, international criminal law and human rights. She represents clients before international courts including the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights and domestic courts in the UK and US. Alongside court work, she provides advice to governments and individuals on legal issues in her areas of expertise.

 

Amal served as a senior advisor to Kofi Annan when he was the UN’s Envoy on Syria. She also served as Counsel to the UN Inquiry on the use of armed drones led by the Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights. She is a member of the UK’s team of experts on preventing sexual violence in conflict zones. And she was recently appointed to the UK Attorney General’s expert panel set up to advise and represent the UK government in cases involving public international law.

 

Prior to joining the London Bar, Mrs Clooney worked in The Hague with various UN-sponsored justice mechanisms including the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. She is also admitted to the New York Bar and practiced as a litigation attorney at Sullivan & Cromwell LLP in New York. She speaks English, French and Arabic.

Cases
Amal's case profile includes:
  • Tymoshenko v Ukraine. Representing Yulia Tymoshenko, former Ukrainian Prime Minister, in human rights claim concerning her politically-motivated prosecution and detention in Ukraine (European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg). Watch BBC interview here.
  • Prosecutor v Mohamed Fahmy.  Journalist from Al Jazeera English television network detained in Egypt following an unfair trial  (Cairo Court of Appeal and Egypt Supreme Court). Please click here for media coverage.
  • Cambodia v Thailand. Representing Cambodia in inter-state territorial claim concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear.  (International Court of Justice, The Hague). Please click here for judgment, and media coverage.
  • Prosecutor v Senussi and Gaddafi. Representing Abdallah Al Senussi, former Libyan intelligence chief, arguing that he should be put on trial in The Hague for alleged crimes against humanity perpetrated in Libya (International Criminal Court, The Hague).
  • Perincek v Switzerland: Representing the Republic of Armenia intervening as a third party in a case concerning denial of the Armenian genocide (European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg). Please click here for media coverage and video of submissions
  • Sweden v Assange. Representing Julian Assange, head of Wikileaks, in extradition proceedings (City of Westminster Magistrates' Court, London).  Please click here for media coverage
  • Georgia v Russia (II). Representing Georgia in an inter-State case against Russia concerning alleged indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks against the civilian population in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in August 2008 (European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg).
  • Parthenon Marbles. Advising the Greek Government on the return of cultural property – the Parthenon Marbles - from the United Kingdom to Greece. Please click here for media coverage.
  • Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo v Philippines. Representing the former President of the Philippines in a human rights claim challenging her detention in Manila before the United Nations.
  • R (oao Bancoult) v FCO (No.2). Representing Mr Bancoult in proceedings concerning the removal of Chagossians from the Chagos Islands in 1971 and their right to return (UK Supreme Court). Please click here for media coverage.
  • Ireland v UK.  Instructed to advise the ‘hooded men’ on an application by the Republic of Ireland for revision of a 1978 decision by the European Court of Human Rights on torture   Please click here for media coverage.
  • Prosecutor v Ayash et al. Member of the prosecuting team in case against four persons accused of assassinating former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri (Special Tribunal for Lebanon, The Hague).
  • Prosecutor v Milosevic. Judicial assistant to Judge Patrick Robinson, Presiding Judge in the trial of former President of  Serbia for international crimes allegedly committed in Kosovo, Croatia and Bosnia including crimes against humanity and genocide. (UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, ICTY, The Hague). 
  • Merck (MSDIA) v Ecuador. Assistant to the Tribunal in UNCITRAL arbitration concerning a claim of denial of justice by a US company against Ecuador (Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague).
Appointments

Amal has also been appointed to a number of international human rights investigations and conflict-resolution panels. She is or has been:

Teaching and Training

Amal is currently a Visiting Professor at Columbia Law School, where she co-teaches the Human Rights course with Professor Sarah Cleveland.

Amal regularly devises and delivers training to judges, state officials and UN investigators on international criminal law and human rights.

Direct Access

Amal can be instructed directly in suitable cases under the Bar’s Direct Access scheme.

Contractual Terms

Amal accepts instructions under the Bar Council Standard Contractual Terms. For enquiries regarding potential legal representation, please email Richard Bayliss at r.bayliss@doughtystreet.co.uk. For other enquiries, please email personalasst@icloud.com.

Public International Law

Amal worked as a judicial assistant to judges at the International Court of Justice in 2004-2005. Since then she has represented clients in a number of cases involving public international law.

She has represented the government of Cambodia in a dispute against Thailand concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear before the International Court of Justice. She also regularly provides advice to governments and individuals on various issues relating to public international law including treaty obligations, territorial disputes, immunities, law of the sea and prospects for filing claims in judicial fora. For instance, Amal currently advises the Greek Government on the return of cultural property (the Parthenon Marbles) from the UK.

Amal also has experience in international arbitration cases. She is currently appointed assistant to the Tribunal in Merck (MSDIA) v Ecuador, an UNCITRAL arbitration concerning a claim of denial of justice by a US company against Ecuador (Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague).

International Criminal Law

Amal has worked on cases at the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Her cases include:

  • Prosecutor v Senussi and Gaddafi. Represent Abdallah Al Senussi, former Libyan intelligence chief, in case of alleged crimes against humanity, with co-counsel Ben Emmerson QC and Rodney Dixon (International Criminal Court, The Hague)
  • Prosecutor v Ayash et al. Member of the prosecution team in case against four defendants accused of assassinating former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri (Special Tribunal for Lebanon, The Hague)
  • Prosecutor v Milosevic. Judicial assistant to Judge Patrick Robinson, Presiding Judge in the trial of the former President of Serbia for international crimes including genocide in Kosovo, Croatia and Bosnia (ICTY, The Hague)

She regularly advises clients on cross-jurisdictional criminal matters and cases involving INTERPOL red notices. She has also provided advice to victim groups seeking to initiate prosecutions in English courts under the ICC Act and has represented clients subject to UN sanctions and asset freezes.

International Human Rights Law

Amal has represented individuals before the European Court of Human Rights and the UN Human Rights Committee and regularly provides advice to individuals, governments and NGOs on human rights. Recent cases include:

  • representing Armenia as a third party intervener before the European Court of Human Rights in a case concerning freedom of expression and denial of genocide;
  • representing Georgia in an inter-State case against the Russian Federation before the European Court of Human Rights concerning the August 2008 armed conflict in Abkhazia and South Ossetia;
  • representing the former President of Ukraine, Yulia Tymoshenko in a claim before the European Court of Human Rights concerning  her politically-motivated prosecution and detention;
  • Instructed to advise the ‘hooded men’ on an application by the Republic of Ireland for revision of a 1978 decision by the European Court of Human Rights on torture
  • representing Mohamed Fahmy, a  journalist who worked for Al Jazeera English detained in Egypt following the unfair ‘Al Jazeera trial’ in Cairo;
  • representing the former President of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in a claim before the United Nations Human Rights Bodies concerning her unlawful pre-trial detention;
  • an application for damages from the UN on behalf of Roma victims of lead poisoning at a UN camp in Kosovo.

Amal has also been appointed to a number of international human rights investigations and conflict-resolution panels. She is or has been:

  • Counsel to the Inquiry led by UN Special Rapporteur Ben Emmerson QC into the use of drones in counter-terrorism operations in Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, Afghanistan and the Occupied Palestinian Territories;
  • Adviser to Kofi Annan, the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League on Syria (P4 UN Political Officer);
  • Legal adviser to the head of the UN commission investigating the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri and other terrorist attacks in Lebanon (P3 UN Legal Officer);
  • Legal adviser to the King of Bahrain in connection with the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry headed by Professor Cherif Bassiouni;
  • Rapporteur for the International Bar Association Human Rights Institute fact-finding mission to Egypt after the revolution in 2011;
  • Member of Expert Panel of Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative formed by UK Foreign Secretary William Hague to gather evidence of sexual crimes committed in conflict zones.

Extradition

Amal has defended clients in extradition proceedings involving European Arrest Warrants as well as "Part II" extradition requests. This has included representing (with Geoffrey Robertson QC and John Jones) the head of Wikileaks, Julian Assange, in extradition proceedings in the UK.

Public Law and Civil Liberties

Amal represents (with Edward Fitzgerald QC and Paul Harris SC) Mr Bancoult, a Chagossian, in proceedings before the UK Supreme Court concerning the removal of Chagossians from the Chagos Islands in 1971 and their right to return, (R (oao Bancoult) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Office (No.2)). She also worked with Richard Hermer QC and Philippa Kaufman QC representing members of the Mau Mau Kenyan tribe alleging torture during British Colonial rule in Kenya (Mutua and others v The Foreign and Commonwealth Office).

Crime

Amal has defended clients in criminal cases in Magistrates Court and Crown Courts in London. This includes cases involving violent, sexual and financial crimes. She has also provided advice on a number of cross-jurisdictional criminal matters and advice on the prospects of domestic prosecution under the ICC Act.

Dual-qualified as an English barrister and a New York litigation attorney, Amal also practiced for several years at Sullivan & Cromwell LLP's New York office, where she was a member of the Criminal Defence and Investigations Group. During this time, she represented clients in complex criminal investigations and litigation before state and federal courts, including the criminal probe of Enron and Arthur Andersen.

Publications

Books

Book Chapters, Articles and Blogs

Teaching and Training

  • Visiting Professor at Columbia Law School, teaching Human Rights law (New York, 2015)
  • Trainer, with UN prosecutors, for Bahraini Judiciary Human Rights Training Programme focusing on international human rights law (Manama, 2014)
  • Trainer, International Bar Association, Training Program in International Human Rights Law for Tunisian Judges (Tunis, December 2012)
  • Devised and delivered training program to UN investigators on international criminal procedure, elements of crimes and modes of responsibility for international crimes (Beirut and The Hague, 2007-2009)
  • Guest Lecturer at universities in UK and US, including London School of Economics, SOAS, New School, and University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill).
  • Regular presentations at legal conferences and seminars.
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